To reuse or recycle outdated textiles is the goal of the textile recycling process. The recycling of textiles relies on this process. SMART, the Association of the Wiping Materials, Used Clothes, and Fiber Industries, speaks for this sector in the United States. Donating textiles, collecting them, sorting them and processing them, and finally transporting them to final recipients who will reuse them are all required processes in the textile recycling process.
Therefore, the industry of fabric sourcing serves as the foundation for the expanding textile recycling sector. In addition to apparel, the textile business now produces many other products, such as furniture and mattress textiles, linens, draperies, cleaning supplies, recreational equipment, and more, totaling roughly a trillion dollars worldwide.
Need of textile recycling
The significance of textile recycling is becoming more apparent. In a typical year, the globe produces over 100 billion clothing. Around 5.8% of all MSW created in the United States in 2018 was made up of textiles, or 17 million tonnes, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Sheets and pillows recovered at a rate of 15.8 percent the same year, while garment and shoe materials recycled at a rate of 13.1 percent. So, getting closer to a zero garbage society necessitates tackling the issue of textile recycling.
Natural fibres may take anything from a few weeks to a few years to fully disintegrate after they’ve been thrown into a landfill.
The emissions of methane and carbon dioxide may be increased if they were to be released. Synthetic fabrics are constructed to last a long time without breaking down. They risk polluting the groundwater and soil around the site.
It offers various benefits
The following are some of the environmental advantages of recycling textiles:
- Reduces waste disposal costs; natural fibers may emit greenhouse gasses, whereas synthetic fiber products do not disintegrate.
- Did not utilize any unprocessed fibers
- Decreased use of both energy and water
- Conservation of Resources and Reduction of Pollution
- Less need for colorants.
Sources of textile for recycling
There are two main producers of textiles intended for recycling.
1. The first category includes products that have already been used by consumers, such as used clothing, car upholstery, and other home goods.
2.Second, textile waste from sources other than consumers, such as pre-consumer scraps and post-industrial textile waste.
Several business initiatives and philanthropic groups encourage the recycling of gently used clothing.
Around half of the textiles that are recycled and roughly half that are reused occur in the European Union. Around 35% of all donated clothing ends up being used as rags in factories. The majority of recycled garments are sent abroad. The British charity Oxam believes that as much as 70 percent of the clothes they collect ends up in Africa. There is debate on the advantages of recycling programmes that transport discarded clothes to Africa, because doing so might hurt local textile industry, indigenous fashion, and garbage collection.
When it comes to recycling, natural and synthetic fibers have fundamentally different requirements. For organic fibers:
- The unusable items that come in are classified by color and substance. Fabrics that have undergone color sorting don’t need further dying. As there is no need to re-dye the fabric once it has been sorted by color, resources are conserved and pollution is reduced.
- After that, the textiles are either shredded or drawn into fibers, and occasionally new fibers are blended into the yarn. The process of shredding or drawing materials into fibers. Other fibers may be included into the yarn depending on its intended usage.
- Carding is then used to clean and blend the yarn.
- To finish, the yarn is re-spun so it may be used in a weaving or knitting project.
- Yet, not all fibers can be spun into yards. Part of it is compacted to be used as a textile stuffing, such in mattresses.
When recycling polyester-based textiles, the clothes are first shredded and then granulated to create polyester chips. They are then melted down and spun into fresh polyester fibers for use in textile production.
Bottom line: Shop sustainable
It is expected that the textile recycling sector will continue to expand as people learn more about the risks of throwing away used textiles and as new recycling methods become available. Yet, movements like slow fashion will undoubtedly keep the spotlight on the sustainable fashion industry. The fast fashion sector is a major contributor to environmental degradation and climate change. Shoppers can make a difference by supporting sustainable fashion firms that produce high-quality items that last longer and show signs of being actively engaged in efforts to reduce their contribution to global warming.
If you are looking for more sustainable and recyclable fabric then fabriclore is the right place for you. Here you can source fabric of different style and design with an easy option of customization. We have a wide network of fabric manufacturers that could produce the textiles as per your imagination and creativity. So hurry up and buy wholesale fabrics without putting much effort.